Human plasma contains high amount of abundant proteins like albumin and globulin. Normally, the proteins having potential for biomarkers are present in very low concentration in human plasma. To resolve the low concentration proteins in polyacrylamide gel, the removal of high abundant proteins from plasma are very essential. Polyethylene glycol is a nontoxic, water soluble synthetic polymer has several applications in chemical and biomedical industries. Various molecular variants of poly ethylene glycol is available and used in protein purification. The mechanism behind the use of high concentration of polyethylene glycol is it binds the molecule in more compact or interpenetrates forming a gel like network surrounding the molecule. Polyethylene glycol -6000 removes the high abundant proteins like Albumin and Globulin in the HIV -1 infected plasma samples and concentrates the low molecular weight proteins as the low molecular weight proteins are essential in biomarker study.