Chiral supramolecules have great potential for use in chiral recognition, sensing, and catalysis. Particularly, chiral supramolecular biocoordination polymers (SBCPs) provide a versatile platform for characterizing biorelated processes such as chirality transcription. Here, we selectively synthesize homochiral and heterochiral SBCPs, composed of a naphthalene diimide ligands and Zn ions, from enantiomeric and mixed R- and S-ligands, respectively. Notably, we find that the chiral self-sorted SBCPs exhibit multifunctional properties including photochromic, photoluminescent, photoconductive, and chemiresistive characteristics, thus can be used for various sensors. Specifically, these materials can be used for detecting a hazardous amine materials due to the electron transfer from hydrazine to the SBCP surface and for enentioselectively sensing the chiral species naproxen due to the different binding energies with regard to their chirality. These results provide guidelines for the synthesis of chiral SBCPs and demonstrate their versatility and feasibility for use in various sensors covering photoactive, chemiresistive, and chiral sensors.