Genome conformation is central to gene control but challenging to interrogate. Here we present HiChIP, a protein-centric chromatin conformation method. HiChIP improves the yield of conformation-informative reads by over 10-fold and lowers input requirement over 100-fold relative to ChIA-PET. HiChIP of cohesin reveals multi-scale genome architecture with greater signal to background than in situ Hi-C. Thus, HiChIP adds to the toolbox of 3D genome structure and regulation for diverse biomedical applications.