Bartlett, J.M. and D. Stirling, A Short History of the Polymerase Chain Reaction. 2003. p. 3-6.
 Mullis, K.B. and F.A. Faloona, Specific synthesis of DNA in vitro via a polymerase-catalyzed chain reaction, in Methods in Enzymology, W. Ray, Editor. 1987, Academic Press. p. 335-350.
 Saiki, R., et al., Enzymatic amplification of beta-globin genomic sequences and restriction site analysis for diagnosis of sickle cell anemia. Science, 1985. 230(4732): p. 1350-1354.
 Li, M., et al., Enhancing the efficiency of a PCR using gold nanoparticles. Nucleic Acids Research, 2005. 33(21): p. e184.
 Weijie, W., J.T.W. Yeow, and M.I. Van Dyke. Effect of silver and titanium dioxide nanoparticles on PCR efficiency. in Nanotechnology, 2009. IEEE-NANO 2009. 9th IEEE Conference on. 2009.
 Khaliq, R.A., et al., Enhancement in the efficiency of polymerase chain reaction by TiO 2 nanoparticles: crucial role of enhanced thermal conductivity. Nanotechnology, 2010. 21(25).
 Li ShiQiang, et al., Impact and mechanism of TiO2 nanoparticles on DNA synthesis in vitro. Science in China Series B: Chemistry, 2008. 51(4): p. 367-372.
 Cui, D. and et al., Effects of single-walled carbon nanotubes on the polymerase chain reaction. Nanotechnology, 2004. 15(1): p. 154.
 Zhang Z, Wang M, and A. H., An aqueous suspension of carbon nanopowder enhances the efficiency of a polymerase chain reaction. Nanotechnology, 2007. 18(35): p. 355706.
 Zhang Z, et al., Aqueous suspension of carbon nanotubes enhances the specificity of long PCR. Biotechniques, 2008. 44(4): p. 537.
 Liang, G., et al., Enhanced Specificity of Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction via CdTe Quantum Dots. Nanoscale Research Letters, 2010: p. 1-7.
 Ma, L., et al., Maximizing specificity and yield of PCR by the quantum dot itself rather than property of the quantum dot surface. Biochimie, 2009. 91(8): p. 969-973.
 [Asma Rehman, et.al; Analyst,140, 01 Sep 2015, 7366-7372]